The most commonly used coronavirus terms you need to know about

COVID-19, well it is all started in December 2019. The very first country to be hit by this deadly virus was China. The deadly novel coronavirus rapidly spread & infected millions of people across the globe within a few months. Our dear country Pakistan failed to escape from this outbreak. Te very first two cases in our country were reported in February 2020. To limit the spread of the disease, the Government of Pakistan took some important measures & also advised people to limit their social activities. This pandemic not only changed our daily life but also made new terms with time. So, if you are looking for the most commonly used terms related to coronavirus, you came to the right place. We have covered the commonly used terms for you in this article.

In this article, you will learn about:

  • Common coronavirus words
  • Social distancing
  • Isolation vs. Quarantine
  • Medical coronavirus words
  • Epidemic vs. Pandemic
  • Coronavirus vaccine

COVID-19 Glossary

We have divided COVID-19 glossary into two categories:

  • General coronavirus terms
  • Medical coronavirus terms

General coronavirus terms

We all know about the most commonly used terms after the outbreak of this deadly virus. In this category, we will discuss the terms about safety & the change of habits in our daily life. Let’s take a look at the most commonly used coronavirus terms.

  • Social distancing
  • Lockdown
  • Flatten the curve
  • Outbreak
  • Isolation vs. Quarantine

Social distancing

I am sure, none of us have heard the term “social distancing” before the outbreak of coronavirus in Pakistan. However, the term has become one of the most common coronavirus terminologies these days. You have also seen public service announcements & messages by authorities & different brands advising people about social distancing as it is one of the most effective ways to fight against this deadly virus.

Lockdown

The term “lockdown” has become one of the most commonly used coronavirus related term these days. In Pakistan, the provincial & federal authorities have put partial to complete lockdown to limit the spread of the novel coronavirus.  

Flatten the curve

The curve of the graph of the coronavirus spike may flatter & milder if people follow all the precautions including social distancing, sanitizing their hands, or washing hands regularly. You can buy hand sanitizers from the market or can make them at home. The term “flattening the curve” is all about reducing fatalities & buying hospital time to treat authorities & patients to help the affected people during this deadly virus outbreak. Slowing the spread of the virus will also allow doctors to discover the therapies & help scientists to make a vaccine in the meanwhile.

Outbreak

The term is used when there is a sudden rise in the spread of a certain kind of disease or virus. An outbreak can be epidemic or pandemic depending on the intensity of the spread of the disease. The difference between the epidemic & pandemic will be further explained in the latter part of the article.

Isolation vs. Quarantine

People often confuse the term isolation with quarantine since they think both of the terms are the same, but it is not true. Quarantine is all about preventing people from catching the deadly virus while the state of isolation is for people who are infected & may potentially pass the deadly virus to others.  

Medical Coronavirus Terms

You also have heard about a few medical terms restated to the coronavirus but may not be aware of their meanings. The common coronavirus words related to healthcare & medical facilities are listed below:

  • Novel coronavirus
  • COVID-19
  • N95 mask & other face coverings
  • Contagious & Infectious
  • Epidemic vs. Pandemic
  • Ventilator
  • Coronavirus vaccine

Novel coronavirus

A virus that has never been encountered in humans before is named as a novel virus. This is why coronavirus is generally termed as the novel coronavirus. The official name of the coronavirus is SARS-COV2. The virus belongs to the family of the viruses spreading & multiplying at microscopic levels.

COVID-19

We have used these terms many times but do not know the full form of it. The full form of COVID-19 is coronavirus disease 2019 & is caused by the novel coronavirus. At the initial stage, it has been observed that it bring symptoms like flu to the infected persons but in later stages, the deadly virus affects dangerously on multiple organs in the human body. If a person is having trouble breathing the condition of the person becomes critical & the person may need oxygen through ventilators to breathe for days.

N95 mask & other face coverings

Coronavirus is a respiratory illness that spreads in the form of vaporized droplets. The most common method to avoid getting it is the use of different masks including the N95. People use surgical masks & also using fabric masks these days. But the N95 mask is the best as others are not clinically proven to be effective when it comes to blocking the droplets. The particles of the virus stay in the air for about 30 minutes ^ get you infected with the virus easily.

Contagious & Infectious

Similar to epidemic & pandemic, the terms contagious & infectious can also confuse. Both are medical terms & may overlap in many ways but also have different meanings. E.g: infectious is about bacteria & germs producing or capable of producing infection while the literal meaning of contagious is transmissible either by direct or indirect contact with an infected person. Both diseases are caused by different types of the virus but have different symptoms & spreading behavior.  

Epidemic vs. Pandemic

The term epidemic is defined as the outbreak of disease, which spreads quickly & results in the death of the patient. On the other hand, the pandemic is a medical outbreak that occurs in a wide geographic area & even in different parts of the world.  

Ventilator

A ventilator is a piece of medical equipment that provides oxygen if a person is having trouble breathing. In the worst-case scenario, the patient is put on a ventilator since the virus has damaged the lungs of the patient.

Coronavirus vaccine

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), some of the tops of line doctors are working on the coronavirus vaccine for months. In the meanwhile, stay put, stay at home & follow all the tips to stay healthy & fight against this deadly virus.

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Above we mentioned some of the most commonly used coronavirus terms these days. These tips will help you develop a better understanding of the ongoing global pandemic situation. If you have any queries related to the article or website feel free to ask us in the comments section below. Your feedback means a lot to use & it will also help us in improving our blog. For more updates stay tuned to the Izloo.com.pk/blog  Good luck

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